Formalized procedures provide the necessary instructions to develop safe work practices and to accomplish work safely, in addition to providing safety information and emergency procedures.
Integrated Safety Management (ISM) procedures provide a comprehensive, systematic, standards-based performance-driven management system for setting, implementing, and sustaining safety performance and meeting environmental expectations. ISM meets the moral commitment not to injure people or the environment, and the business imperative to meet the safety and environmental requirements for operating.
Formalized procedures should include:
- Operating procedures that describe the operating steps for the system, apparatus, and equipment in a facility.
- Safe work practices used to control hazards during operations such as lockout; confined space entry; opening equipment or piping; and control over entrance into a facility by maintenance, contractor, laboratory, or other support personnel.
- Management of change procedures that describe the method that will be used to review proposed changes to materials, technology, equipment, procedures, personnel and facility operation for their effect on safety vulnerabilities. (See Equipment Maintenance and Integrity)
- "Stop Work" procedures establish the authority and responsibility, without reprisal, for workers to stop work when they discover that employees are exposed to conditions of imminent danger or to other hazards (e.g., leaking valves in a hydrogen system).
- Clear decision and communication chains for reacting to safety concerns/incidents, including formal approval to resume operations after issue has been addressed.
- Emergency response procedures for onsite personnel to ensure employee safety during an emergency situation at the facility (See Incident Procedures).