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T. Skjold; H. Hisken; A. Hanssen

This paper describes a methodology for simulating the structural response of vented enclosures during hydrogen deflagrations. The paper also summarises experimental results for the structural response of 20-foot ISO (International Organization for Standardization) containers in a series of vented hydrogen deflagration experiments. The study is part of the project Improving hydrogen safety for energy applications through pre-normative research on vented deflagrations(HySEA). The project is funded by the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking under grant agreement No 671461. The HySEA project focuses on vented hydrogen deflagrations in containers and smaller enclosures with internal congestion representative of industrial applications. The structural response modelling involves one-way coupling of pressure loads taken either directly from experiments or from simulations with the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) tool FLACS to the non-linear finite element (FE) IMPETUS Afea Solver. The performance of the FE model is evaluated for a range of experiments from the HySEA project in both small-scale enclosures and 20-foot ISO containers. The paper investigates the sensitivity of results from the FE model to the specific properties of the geometry model. The performance of FLACS is evaluated for a selected set of experiments from the HySEA project. Furthermore, the paper discusses uncertainties associated with the combined modelling approach.

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