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M. Henriksen; J. Lundberg; A. V. Gaathaug

The growing number of hydrogen fillings stations and cars increases the need for accurate models to determine risk. The effect on hydrogen flame length was measured by varying the diameter of the spouting nozzle downstream from the chocked nozzle upstream. The results was compared with an existing model for flame length estimations. The experimental rig was setup with sensors that measured accurately temperature, mass flow, heat radiation and the pressure range from 0.1 to 11 MPa. The flame length was determined with an in-house developed image-processing tool, which analyzed a high-speed film of the each experiment. Results show that the nozzle geometry can cause a deviation as high as 50% compared to estimated flame lengths by the model if wrong assumptions are made. Discharge coefficients for different nozzles has been calculated and presented.

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