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J. Grune; M. Kuznetsov; A. Lelyakin; T. Jordan

Spontaneous ignition processes due to the high-pressure hydrogen releases into air were investigated both experimentally and theoretically. Such processes reproduce accident scenarios of sudden expansion of pressurized hydrogen into the ambient atmosphere in cases of tube or valve rupture. High-pressure hydrogen releases in the range of initial pressures from 20 to 275 bar and with nozzle diameters of 0.5-4mm have been investigated. Glass tubes and high-speed CCD camera were used for experimental study of self-ignition process. The problem was theoretically considered in terms of contact discontinuity for the case when spontaneous ignition of pressurized hydrogen due to the contact with hot pressurized air occurs. The effects of boundary layer and material properties are discussed in order to explain the minimum initial pressure of 25 bar leading to the self-ignition of hydrogen with air.

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