This paper presents a stress safety of a composite pressure cylinder for a hydrogen gas vehicle. The composite pressure cylinder in which is composed of an aluminum liner and carbon fiber wound layers contains 104 liter hydrogen gas, and is compressed by a filling pressure of 70 MPa. The FEM computed results are analyzed based on the US DOT-CFFC basic requirement for a hydrogen gas cylinder and KS B ISO specification. The FEM results indicate that the stress, 255.2MPa of an aluminum liner is sufficiently low compared with that of 272 MPa, which is 95%2level of a yield stress for aluminum. Also, the composite layers in which are wound on the surface of an aluminum cylinder are safe because the stress ratios from 3.46 to 3.57 in hoop and helical directions are above 2.4 for a minimum safety level. The proposed composite pressure cylinder wound by carbon fibers is useful for 70 MPa hydrogen gas vehicles.