In a fusion reactor, high-level tritiated water of more than one PBq/m(3) will be generated and stored in various areas. The high-level tritiated water decomposes by itself and generates mainly hydrogen, becoming tritiated hydrogen peroxide water. In order to summarize safety requirements for long-term storage of high-level tritiated water, the characteristics, such as effective G-values of hydrogen and hydrogen peroxide, pH and Oxidation-Reduction Potential (ORP), have been investigated by storing tritiated water from 5 TBq/m(3) to 2 EBq/m(3) for 5 years. Because the effective G-value of hydrogen increases with decreasing tritium concentration, the storage tank for a wider range of tritium concentrations requires not only depression but, also, adequate processing of the cover gases. High-level tritiated water of more than 1 PBq/m(3) was acid and in some cases was in a corrosive condition; these characteristics have been maintained for 5 years. Therefore, the ORP-pH situation should be monitored periodically to avoid the corrosive condition. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Times Cited: 14 7th International Symposium on Fusion Nuclear Technology May 22-27, 2005 Natl Museum Emerging Sci & Innovat, Tokyo, JAPAN JAERI; Atom Energy Soc Japan; Japanese Soc Plasma Sci & Nucl Fus Res; Natl Inst Fus Sci 14