To better understand the hazards and risks associated with the mobile hydrogen refueling stations, a risk analysis was preformed to improve the safety of the operation. The risks to the station personnel and to the public were discussed separately. Results show that the stationary risks of the mobile stations to the personnel and refueling customers are lower than the risk acceptance criteria over an order of magnitude, so the occupational risks and the risks to customers are completely acceptable. The third party risks can be acceptable as long as the appropriate mitigation measures, especially well designed parking area and operation time, are implemented. Leak from booster compressors is the main risk contributor to the stationary risks due to the highest failure rates according to the generic data and the worst harm effects based on the consequence evaluations. However, the failure of the tube storages will result in the largest financial loss, though the likelihood of this scenario is much less than that of failure from booster compressors. As for the road risks of the mobile stations, they can be acceptable as long as the appropriate mitigation measures, especially well-planned itinerary and transport time, are implemented. Copyright (C) 2014, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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