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J. von Seggern; M. Rubel; P. Karduck; V. Philipps; H.G. Esser; P. Wienhold


Redeposition of eroded carbon can form carbon-rich layers on the plasma facing components of experimental fusion devices. The trapping of hydrogen isotopes in these deposits may represent a potential safety hazard in T-D operated devices. Understanding the properties of these deposits, like composition, structure, chemical activity etc, is an important prerequisite to predict the hydrogen retention, and to develop in-situ removal techniques. Thick layers (similar to 150 mu m), which tend to flake off, were found on different wall components of TEXTOR-94 after long term operation (6110 discharges). Flakes with a size of a few mm(2) had been removed from the main poloidal limiter. They have rough, bubbly appearance, and are porous but mechanically hard. The deposits were examined by SEM, NRA, EPMA, EDX, and OES. They consist of about 80%290%2carbon and incorporate non-uniformly distributed deuterium, Si, B and metals (mainly Fe, Cr, Ni, also as clusters). The D/C-ratio found in these flakes measured by TDS is 4x10(-4). Baking the flakes in the air at 250 degrees C reduces their thickness at a rate of about 1.2 mu m/h, baking at 450 degrees C gives a rate of about 2.6 mu m/h. After baking the flakes turn to ash. The main residues are metals, B and Si, elements that do not form volatile oxidation products.




Times Cited: 18 8th International Workshop on Carbon Materials Sep 03-04, 1998 Julich, germany 18



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