Numerical simulations have been carried out for large scale hydrogen explosions in a refuelling environment and in a model storage room. For the first scenario, a high pressure hydrogen jet released in a congested refuelling environment was ignited and the subsequent explosion analysed. The computational domain mimics the experimental set up for a vertical downwards release in a vehicle refuelling environment experimentally tested by Shirvill et al. . For completeness of the analysis, an analytical model has also been developed to provide the transient pressure conditions at nozzle exit. The numerical study is based on the traditional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) techniques solving Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes equations. The Pseudo diameter approach is used to bypass the shock-laden flow structure in the immediate vicinity of the nozzle. For combustion, the Turbulent Flame Closure (TFC) model is used while the shear stress transport (SST) model is used for turbulence. in the second scenario, premixed hydrogenair clouds with different hydrogen concentrations from 15%2to 60%2in volume were ignited in a model storage room. Analysis was carried out to derive the dependence of over-pressure on hydrogen concentrations for safety considerations. (C) 2009 Professor T. Nejat Veziroglu. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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