Plasma wall interactions studies are of primary importance for increasing the life time of the first wall in fusion devices. In ITER, the divertor target plates will receive on a small surface a significant part of the power during operation, and carbon materials will be used. Although carbon has several advantages than the materials used at other places of the plasma chamber (W and Be), they undergo chemical reactions with hydrogen and its isotopes used as fuel for the fusion reaction. Under ITER operating conditions, the high temperature of the wall will promote diffusion and recombination of atomic hydrogen, withholding the fuel. Moreover, carbon atoms produced by erosion may be deposited at other locations, causing further increase of the hydrogen inventory in the vessel, and encountering several subsequent major safety issues. In our experiment, carbon dust formation and growth are studied in a radiofrequency discharge. Dust particles sediment into the cathode sheath using carbon originating either from a graphite cathode in pure argon plasmas or from C2H2 mixed with argon in case where a stainless steel cathode is used. In this contribution, we present a characterization of carbon dust particles under various plasma conditions (pressure, RF power, C2H2 percentage). Dust growth is studied in situ using FTIR spectroscopy, whereas the structural properties of the dust particles are studied ex situ using TEM, SEM, and FTIR.
Times Cited: 2 LACROIX, David/G-5994-2012 International Conference on Research and Applications of Plasmas/4th German-Polish Conference on Plasma Diagnostics for Fusion and Applications/6th French-Polish Seminar on Thermal Plasma in Space and Laboratory (PLASMA 2007) Oct 16-19, 2007 Greifswald, GERMANY 3