Integrated Safety Management (ISM) is a comprehensive process that systematically reviews a company's or project's requirements. Programs are evaluated to identify similarities and gaps in requirement implementation. ISM provides the justification to coordinate and eliminate duplicated efforts. Proactive incorporation of new or revised requirements is possible; thus new reaction-based programs are avoided. This improves safety and reduces compliance costs. In addition, the ISM gap identification process helps reduce potential liabilities and improves hazard management.
The development of industrial scale ionic liquid based flow sheets is the anticipated outgrowth of fundamental ionic liquid research. The Nuclear Materials Technology (NMT) and Engineering Sciences and Applications (ESA) Divisions at Los Alamos National Laboratory are continuing the development of advanced uranium Decontamination and Conversion (D&C) systems based on the electrolytic stripping of plutonium contaminated uranium surfaces. Development of the aqueous D&C flow sheet has presented several challenges.
In view of its infinite source potential and virtually pollutant-free oxidation properties hydrogen fuel offers the promise of an eventual freedom from energy crisis and environmental degradations. But its temperamental combustion characteristics need some fuel-related safety precautions to be specifically adopted. This paper broadly discusses the unique flammability properties of hydrogen as a fuel with particular emphasis on these properties to engine application.
The main diffusion processes that are in devices for testing of transformer oil for gas chromatography are considered. The estimation of time for safety storage of most movable gas in transformer oil - hydrogen in several types of syringe, is shown. It is obtained that the most suitable device is "Elchrom", where used both glass frame of syringe and glass plunger. Besides it has PTFE sealing gasket that lead to the safety of the gas in probing during more than one month. The equilibration time for gas in oil and gas in gas phase is estimated for some devices of gas extraction.
A main objective of the EIHP was the development of draft regulations for hydrogen vehicles. These documents will be presented to WP29 of the Economic Commission for Europe (ECE), a UN organisation in Geneva, in the first half of 2000. The EIHP  aims at creating the basis for the harmonisation of the necessary legislation in Europe for the use of hydrogen in road vehicles.
Recent advances in PEM fuel cell systems have demonstrated their role in the production of clean and efficient power. However, due to complexities and safety concerns in the storage and transport of hydrogen, development of on-board fuel processing of hydrocarbon into hydrogen is being considered a critical issue in the success of the fuel cell technology in transportation application. In this paper; a novel concept of scalable silicon micro-reactor with an integrated platinum heater is developed for preferential CO oxidation.
Analytic methods used to establish thermal radiation hazard safety boundaries from ignited hydrogen plumes are based on models previously developed for hydrocarbon jet fires. Radiative heat flux measurements of small- and medium-scale hydrogen jet flames (i.e., visible flame lengths
HIGH PERFORMING Al2O3-SiC-C MONOLITHIC REFRACTORIES RELEASING NO HYDROGEN FOR BF CASTHOUSE APPLICATIONS
Hydrogen Free Black Castables (ie, HFBC) have been designed for eradicating the safety risk due to hydrogen formation during installation in blast furnace troughs. They contain no metallic component so that no hydrolysis reaction generates hydrogen during curing. Comparison of several characteristics, ie, cold physical properties, drying aptitude, oxidation and corrosion resistance, between the HFBC and the ULCC versions of a 25%2SiC containing castable are presented.
Over the past 20 years there have a number of instances where nuclear power plant operators have discovered gas voids-typically air but occasionally other gases such as undissolved hydrogen- in fluid systems whose function is important to reactor safety. These systems have included emergency core cooling systems, decay heat removal systems, and containment spray systems. The amount of gas has, in some cases, been sufficient to call into question the operability of the systems; had they been needed.
The initial phase of civil construction has begun on a new Linac Experimental Facility at Fermilab with beneficial occupancy anticipated in fall, 2003. This facility is being designed for multipurpose use by establishing direct and independent control over incident beam parameters; for example, pulse duration from 1 - 50 musec, and beam transverse sizes from 1 - 15 cm (95%2of beam).