Author
Abstract

The contribution by the Heiss Dampf Reaktor Safety Program, phase III, to the German containment hydrogen research activities were two fold:
1. to confirm the findings of the experiments in the Battelle Model Containment (BMC) in volumes of typically similar to 100 m(3) by similar ones at a larger scale with a total volume of 500 m(3)
2. to broaden the database for assessing the emerging modeling strategy for larger scales toward more realistic subcompartment sizes.
To supplement the results obtained in the BMC in a propel; controlled manner for additional model development and computer code verification a total of;seven experiments was performed, and the following positions for hydrogen ignition were examined:
test group E12.1: hydrogen deflagration in a vertically oriented subcompartment
test group E12.2: ignition close to the vent
test group E12.3: accelerated jet ignition in a horizontal direction.
The maximum peak pressure occurred for E12.3.3 at 1.8 bars under typical accelerated jet ignition conditions far 12 vol% initial H-2 concentration. Because of larger vent openings, maximum peak pressures were generally lower than observed in BMC tests, whereas maximum temperatures were substantially higher reaching 1000 degrees C and above. A few comparisons between data and code results from CONTAIN, RALOC-HYDCOM, and CONTAIN/BASSIM computations are shown, indicating the need for further improvements.

Year of Publication
1999
Journal
Nuclear Technology
Volume
125
Number of Pages
136-154
ISBN Number
0029-5450
Accession Number
WOS:000078506500003
DOI
10.13182/Nt99-A2938
Alternate Journal
Nucl Technol
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