Technical Reference for Hydrogen Compatibility of Materials

A Sandia National Laboratories Resource

Guidance on materials selection for hydrogen service is needed to support the deployment of hydrogen as a fuel as well as the development of codes and standards for stationary hydrogen use, hydrogen vehicles, refueling stations, and hydrogen transportation. Materials property measurement is needed on deformation, fracture and fatigue of metals in environments relevant to this hydrogen economy infrastructure. The identification of hydrogen-affected material properties such as strength, fracture resistance and fatigue resistance are high priorities to ensure the safe design of load-bearing structures.

To support the needs of the hydrogen community, Sandia National Laboratories is conducting an extensive review of reports and journal publications to gather existing materials data for inclusion in the Technical Reference for Hydrogen Compatibility of Materials. Additionally, Sandia is working internationally with collaborators to acquire newly generated data for inclusion in the Technical Reference. SAND2012-7321 is an archival report issued by Sandia National Laboratories representing the reference information compiled as of September 2012. Individual sections of this report may be updated or added periodically at this website.

Plain Carbon Ferritic Steels
Sub Metal Type Designation Nominal composition Revision Section
C-Mn Alloys
Fe–C–Mn
5/07
1100
Low-Alloy Ferritic Steels
Sub Metal Type Designation Nominal composition Revision Section
Quenched & Tempered Steels
Cr-Mo Alloys
Fe–Cr–Mo
12/05
1211
Quenched & Tempered Steels
Ni-Cr-Mo Alloys
Fe–Ni–Cr–Mo
12/05
1212
High-Alloy Ferritic Steels
Sub Metal Type Designation Nominal composition Revision Section
High-Strength Steels
9Ni-4Co
Fe–9Ni–4Co-0.20C
1/05
1401
Ferritic Stainless Steels
Fe–15Cr
10/06
1500
Duplex Stainless Steels
Fe–22Cr–5Ni+Mo
9/08
1600
Semi-Austenitic Stainless Steels
Fe–15Cr–7Ni
3/08
1700
Martensitic Stainless Steels
Precipitation-Strengthened
Fe–Cr–Ni
3/08
1810
Martensitic Stainless Steels
Heat Treatable
Fe–Cr
6/08
1820
Austenitic Steels
Sub Metal Type Designation Nominal composition Revision Section
300-Series Stainless Alloys
Type 304 & 304L
Fe–19Cr–10Ni
5/05
2101
300-Series Stainless Alloys
Type 316 & 316L
Fe–18Cr–12Ni+Mo
3/05
2103
300-Series Stainless Alloys
Type 321 & 347
Fe–18Cr–10Ni + Ti/Nb
12/08
2104
Nitrogen-Strengthened Stainless Alloys
22-13-5
Fe–22Cr–13Ni–5Mn–2.5Mo+N
1/05
2201
Nitrogen-Strengthened Stainless Alloys
21-6-9
Fe–21Cr–6Ni–9Mn+N
5/05
2202
Precipitation-Strengthened Stainless Alloys
A-286
Fe–25Ni–15Cr+Ti+Mo
5/05
2301
Heat Treatable Alloys
Fe-Ni-Co Sealing Alloys
Fe–28Ni–20Co
10/05
2401
Aluminum Alloys
Sub Metal Type Designation Nominal composition Revision Section
Pure Aluminum
Al
4/07
3101
Heat Treatable Alloys
2XXX-series alloys
Al-Cu
5/09
3210
Heat Treatable Alloys
6XXX-series alloys
Al-Mg-Si
Heat Treatable Alloys
7XXX-series alloys
Al-Zn-Mg-Cu
5/09
3230
Copper Alloys
Sub Metal Type Designation Nominal composition Revision Section
Pure Copper
Cu
5/06
4001
Nonmetals
Sub Metal Type Designation Nominal composition Revision Section
Polymers
5/08
8100