Physics of Spontaneous Ignition of High Pressure Hydrogen Release and Transition to Jet Fire

The main objective of this study is an insight into physical phenomena underlying spontaneous ignition of hydrogen at sudden release from high pressure storage and its transition into the sustained jet fire. This paper describes modelling and large eddy simulation (LES) of spontaneous ignition dynamics in a tube with a rupture disk separating high pressure hydrogen storage and the atmosphere. Numerical experiments carried out by a LES model have provided an insight into the physics of the spontaneous ignition phenomenon.

Vented Hydrogen-Air Deflagrations in Low Strength Equipment and Buildings

This paper aims to improve prediction capability of the vent sizing correlation presented in the form of functional dependence of the dimensionless deflagration overpressure on the turbulent Bradley number similar to our previous studies. The correlation is essentially upgraded based on recent advancements in understanding and modelling of combustion phenomena relevant to hydrogen-air vented deflagrations and unique large-scale tests carried out by different research groups.

The Pressure Peaking Phenomenon - Validation for Unignited Releases in Laboratory-Scale Enclosure

This study is aimed at the validation of the pressure peaking phenomenon against laboratory-scale experiments. The phenomenon was discovered recently as a result of analytical and numerical studies performed at Ulster University. The phenomenon is characterized by the existence of a peak on the overpressure transient in an enclosure with vent(s) at some conditions. The peak overpressure can significantly exceed the steady-state pressure and jeopardise a civil structure integrity causing serious life safety and property protection problems.

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