SAE J 2990/1: Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicle First and Second Responder Recommended Practice

North America
United States
Application Type: 
  • H2 and Fuel Cell Road Vehicles
  • Safety
Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)

Electric and alternative fueled vehicles present different hazards for first and second responders than conventional gasoline internal combustion engines. Hydrogen vehicles (H2V) including Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs) involved in incidents may present unique hazards associated with the fuel storage and high voltage systems.

The electrical hazards associated with the high voltage systems of hybrid-electric vehicles and FCVs are already addressed in the parent document, SAE J2990. This Recommended Practice, therefore, addresses electric issues by reference to SAE J2990 and its supplements to address the potenial consequences associated with hydrogen vehicle incidents and suggest common procedures to help protect emergency responsers, tow and/or recovery, storage, repair and salvage personnel after an incident has occurred. Industry design standards and tools were studied, and where appropriate, suggested for responsible organizations to implement.


Published in June 2016. Available from


Latest Published Date: 
June, 2016